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National Library
National Library
 
HISTORY
   The National Library of Belarus (NLB) was founded by the Decree by the Council Soviet of People's Commissars of the BSSR on September 15, 1922. Originally it was Belarusian State and University Library. Since the year of its foundation, the Library receives a free legal deposit copy of printed publications issued in the USSR and two Belarusian deposit copies.
   I.B. Siomanovski became the first director of the Library and gatherer of its collections. He was at the head of the Library during 40 years.
   On May 14, 1926 the Library was reorganized into Belarusin State Library.
   From 1926 to 1933 the Library opened its branches in Vitebsk, Mogilyev, and Gomel. In 1934 the Library opened branch in Minsk under the House of Government (nowadays it is the Presidential Library), and district libraries.
   In 1932 the Library celebrates its 10th anniversary. On this occasion the Library was named after V.I. Lenin. In 1932 was built a new building of the library (project by G.Lavrov). There were one of the first library building projects in the USSR. The new building of the Library disposed of a reading hall for 400 users and a reading hall for scientists. There were organized reference, bibliographic, and loan departments, as well book depository for 800000 items. The Library's collections totaled more than 1 million items.
   At the beginning of 1941 the Library's collections totaled more than 2 000 000 items; more than 15 000 users visited the Library.
   During the Great Patriotic War the book collections and bibliographical aids of the Library were harried and destroyed by Nazi occupants. The collection of deposit copies was seriously damaged, only 33 000 items remained there. BSSR Archive of print, newspaper collection, collections of Belarusian literature, rare books and incunabula, collections of loan and reading rooms were removed. One of the Library's buildings was burned together with the reserve book collection placed there. Only 321 000 items of the Library's collections remained to the moment of the liberation of Minsk. During the war the Library's special facilities were destroyed. The Library's building remained seriously damaged.
   In 1944, a few days after the liberation of Minsk, the Government adopted a Decree on restoration of the Library. But in early 1943 a group of librarians already began this work in Moscow. Since the beginning of the war they had obtained and preserved free legal deposit of printed publications issued in the USSR. V.I. Lenin State Library of the USSR, K.D. Ushinski State library for People's Education, People's Commissariat for Enlightenment of the RSFSR, State literature collection, and organizations, institutions and libraries of other Soviet republics provided a great assistance to the Library.
   In October 1944, the Library opened its doors to users.
   Since spring 1945, search of removed book collections has been started. Books from the Library's collections were found in Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary. By 1948, the collection of the Library had been restored (in quantitative ratio) though many gaps still remain unfilled.
   In 1961, the Library obtained a new additional building, that improved working conditions of users and favored safekeeping of the Library's collections.
   In 1972, the State Library of Belarus celebrated its 50th anniversary. On this occasion the Library was awarded with the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
   On May 19, 1992, according to the Decree of the Government the Republic of Belarus, the State Library of Belarus was renamed into the National Library of Belarus.
Library's building project by architect G. Lavrov. 1932.
Library's building project by architect G. Lavrov. 1932.
    In 1989 in Belarus took place an international contest of architects on the best project of the Library's new building. Project by architects M.K. Vinogradov and V.V. Kramarenko won the contest.
Library's building project
Architects M.K. Vinogradov and V.V. Kramarenko. 1992.
Library's building project Architects M.K. Bvinogradov and V.V. Kramarenko.
     On March 7, 2002, President of the Republic of Belarus signed the Decree "On the building of the state institution "National Library of Belarus".
    On November 1, 2002, was laid the foundation of the Library's building (more information on the building you can find on the Library web site http://www.nlb.by/newbuilding/index.php).
    During the building were applied the following projects: building, engineering, technological, social, and design - project.
During the building were applied the following projects: building, engineering, technological, social, and design - project.
During the building were applied the following projects: building, engineering, technological, social, and  design - project.
    The Library's new building opened on June 16, 2007.
 
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NATIONAL LIBRARY OF BELARUS
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NLB IN PRESS
The New Building of The Library
THE IMAGE CATALOGUE OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF BELARUS





 
 
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